How To Make Kombucha and Recipe Variations

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How to Make Kombucha Recipe

This recipe teaches how to make kombucha, lists its many benefits, and gives a few recipe variations to make your DIY kombucha recipe unique.

The first time I tried kombucha, I made the mistake of sniffing it before I drank it. It had a strong smell of vinegar, so I did not think I would like it. However, the taste was surprising. To explain, it was sweet, tangy, and slightly effervescent. I learned that the base is acidic, so a vinegar smell is normal, but not indicative of what the taste will be.

What is Kombucha?

Kombucha is a fermented drink made from a base of tea and sugar, using a culture called a SCOBY. SCOBY is an acronym for Symbiotic Colony Of Bacteria and Yeast. It is a mushroom-like culture, which is actually the fruiting body of a fungus. The drink ferments within a few weeks to give you a healthful beverage that is like nothing you’ve ever had before.


It is believed that kombucha was discovered in northeast China or Manchuria around 1910. It then made its way to Russia and gained popularity in the ’50s and ’60s. From there, it spread around the globe. Americans only starting enjoying it in the last 20 years or so. There are several bottling companies that mass produce kombucha, and all of them start with the same process.

The Scoby Starter

The starter tea is usually a combination of black and green teas, although you can make them from other ingredients, as we’ll show you later in this article. You add sugar and a SCOBY to start the fermentation process. The SCOBY mother, or original fungus, will float, sink, or turn sideways in the container used. It’s not unusual to see brown stringy things coming from the mother, or it may develop holes, bumps, dark patches, or clear spots. All of this is normal. However, if you detect a cheesy, rotten smell, see bugs (such as fruit flies) or see green or black mold, toss it out and start over. The bad SCOBY and liquid can go into a compost pile without harm.

Kombucha Benefits

The health benefits of kombucha are endless. It contains a multitude of probiotics, helping to develop good bacteria in the gut. It also contains enzymes, amino acids, polyphenols, and B vitamins. Many say it will cure everything from gout to cancer. While many of those kombucha benefits are unsubstantiated, there is no doubt it is good for us. One of the proven kombucha benefits is that it contains glucuronic acid. This aids the liver in detoxification. And while the fermenting sugar can produce alcohol, the amount is usually less than 1%.

Make Kombucha at Home

So how do you make DIY kombucha? It’s very simple. There are many variations on the method, but what follows is my basic recipe.

How To Make Kombucha Recipe 1
How to Make Kombucha Recipe

How to Make Kombucha Recipe

4 from 1 vote

This recipe teaches how to make kombucha, lists its many benefits, and gives a few recipe variations to make your DIY kombucha recipe unique.

Prep Time
10 minutes
Fermenting Time
7 days
Total Time
7 days 10 minutes
16 cups



  1. Heat the water and add the tea bags. Steep for about 5-10 minutes and remove the bags. Remove from heat.
  2. Add the sugar and stir to dissolve. Allow the tea to cool.

  3. When the sweetened tea is cool, pour it into your clean glass jar.

  4. Add about ½ cup of kombucha – use either the liquid that comes with your SCOBY or store-bought raw, unpasteurized kombucha. With clean hands, place the SCOBY in the jar. (Ask around to see if you can get a SCOBY from a friend or purchase one online. I got a small piece of one from a friend and it took over the jar within a week.)

  5. Place a tea towel or double layer of paper towel on top and secure tightly with a rubber band. You want it to be able to breathe, but you also need to keep bugs out.

  6. Place jar in a relatively warm, dark place where it will not be disturbed.

  7. Allow your kombucha recipe to sit for about a week. To test it, slip a straw into the liquid and put your finger over the top. This will hold a small amount in the straw so you can taste it. If it is very sweet, leave it a bit longer. It should be slightly sweet, tangy, and slightly effervescent. If it tastes off at all, start over. It could take two weeks depending on fermenting conditions, but shouldn't be much more.

Recipe Video


If you’re having trouble with your kombucha recipe fermenting, find ideas for troubleshooting here or here.

Once the taste is to your liking, you can remove the SCOBY and ½ – 1 cup of the kombucha. Set this aside and use to start another batch of kombucha. Bottle and refrigerate the rest of your kombucha.


Serving: 8oz | Calories: 48kcal | Carbohydrates: 12g | Sodium: 12mg | Potassium: 1mg | Sugar: 12g | Calcium: 7mg | Iron: 1mg
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Variations On The Recipe

Now, what can you do to change things up? I’ve tried many things with my DIY kombucha recipe, and not all were successful.


You can substitute sugars, although sugars with molasses in them (unrefined) are hard for a SCOBY to digest. This is one-time using white sugar is okay – after all, it’s just food for the yeast to feed on. Pasteurized (not raw) honey can also be used, but I have not tried this one. Let me know if you do! Don’t use stevia, lactose, xylitol, or other non-caloric sweeteners. The sugars are necessary for the fermentation process.

Red Wine

I have also had success making kombucha with red wine. A mother in red wine was given to me, so I thought I’d try it. I only had a small piece to start, so I put it in a small jar with some black tea, red wine, and sugar. Which was a big mistake! Next time I will use a bigger jar because that batch was so strong!! (I may try it again with a gallon jar next time.)

Other Ideas

I have also tried black and green tea, hibiscus flowers (Roselle, sometimes sold as “Jamaica” in stores), fresh ginger, and turbinado sugar. It was just about the best thing I’ve ever had. The fresh ginger is the kicker. Try other fruit juices such as carrot, mango, or grape, and also fresh fruits like strawberries and lemon. I’ve also had one made from coconut water and lime.

My next experiment is a cold and flu blend. Black and green tea, pomegranate juice, blackberry, Usnea, and holy basil. Usnea is a lichen that grows wild and is well known for its anti-viral activity. (You can find dried usnea here.) Holy basil is good for the entire body and has a slight clove or cinnamon taste. (Find it here.)

The possibilities are endless. You can make DIY kombucha from almost anything. What are some of your favorites?


About Debra Maslowski

Debra is a master gardener, a certified herbalist, a natural living instructor, and more. She taught Matt and Betsy how to make soap so they decided to bring her on as a staff writer! Debra recently started an organic herb farm in the mountains of Western North Carolina. You can even purchase her handmade products on Amazon!

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  1. lynn m tsunekawa says

    how long can you keep a batch of kombucha in the refrigerator in a sealed bottle?

  2. AR says

    I wouldn’t recommend using paper towels to cover the top of the jar. Tee shirt material is really good. The danger of paper towels is loose particles from the paper getting into the kombucha and causing problems. This is something I have read over and over from really experienced kombucha makers.

  3. Binta says

    This is a great post and I’ve been wanting to try making my own Kombucha, but have been put off by the amount of sugar in it, as I’m keeping away from sweet drinks. To my mind, it’s a little contradictory that a drink with so much added, refined sugar can have such health benefits – especially when something like cancer feeds on sugar. What are your thoughts on this?

    • Karen says

      My husband drinks Kombucha twice a day with half a lemon squeezed in each glass. I only use 4 green tea bags for each gallon because he doesn’t like it so strong. I can’t drink it on a regular basis because of constipation.

    • Sharon says

      The sugar is “eaten” by the SCOBY. It’s like yeast or sourdough and the like, the sugar is what you feed it with. What you actually drink is the fluid AFTER the mother has done munching! It only contains such sugar as you decide by tasting and deciding it’s finished to your taste preference.

  4. Patticake says

    I’m highly sensitive to caffeine and eliminated it from my diet over 20 years ago. Does the caffeine in the black tea carry through to the finished beverage?

    • Margaret Fort says

      Yes I don’t drink kombucha too late in the day due to the caffeine from the tea.

    • Mary Blair says

      Yes, caffeine in the tea carries though. I make my Kombucha with decaffeinated tea bags. They do not produce as strong a drink, so I add 2 more bags per gallon. I have done this for several years. I also boil my water for 5 minutes before adding bags as I have city water with chlorine and no telling what else that I am. afraid will kill my scoby. I also save my extra scobies in a jar, as it makes more. I have some to share from my “scoby hotel.” After sterilizing my jar, I dry it and then rinse it with white vinegar. MUST BE SO CAREFUL TO NOT ALLOW ANY CONTAMINATES.

  5. Matt Campo says

    Another way of aquiring a SCOBY is to purchse a storebought kombucha drink, open it and let is sit out for a week or so(covered with a cloth). A SCOBY will grow from the sediment in it.

    • Debra Maslowski says

      Thanks Matt! I know you can use starter blend from storebought kombucha, but I didn’t know you could grow a SCOBY from it too! I’m going to have to try it.

  6. Elena says

    In Russia we call it KVAS 🙂 I do not remember the vinegar smell. It is a very common drink esp in summer. However, commercial KVAS has WAY too much sugar in it, somethink like you would have in your commercial pop or cola. Therefore we make our own.

    • Aluna says

      actually in Russia it is called CHAYNY GRIB (Tea Fungus). Kvas is completely different drink made out of rye bread, but pretty similar in taste to kombucha.

  7. Amy says

    What kind of black tea and green tea do you use. Is it organic? Have you ever tried using loose leaf tea? And if so, how much did you use as compared to the number of tea bags?

    • Kat says

      Amy, I use a combination of loose leaf Oolong tea and green tea, both organic. 1 tablespoon of loose tea equals about 4 regular size teabags. The Oolong has a nice, slight smokey flavor. Hope that helps.

  8. Christy says

    This is a great post! I have enjoyed tinkering around with kombucha for the past year, but I haven’t been as creative as you with my add-ins. One question though-I have read that you should save any add-ins like herbs or juices until the second fermentation so that they do not harm the scoby. Is this what you are doing when you add all your add-ins? Or are you adding them during the initial fermentation?

    • Debra Maslowski says

      Hi Christy! I had never heard of fruit juices harming the SCOBY, but it makes sense. Since I hadn’t heard it before i started, I put them in the first fermentation. I’ve never had a problem with a SCOBY until I had used it several times and it seemed “worn out”. I cut it into pieces then and give it to my chickens. They love it, but the dogs aren’t as excited. So, yes, I always add anything I’m using to the first fermentation.