How To Make Kombucha and Recipe Variations

The first time I tried kombucha, I made the mistake of sniffing it before I drank it. It smelled strongly of vinegar, so I thought – I’m not going to like this. I was very surprised at the taste. It was sweet, tangy and slightly effervescent. I learned that the base is acidic, so a vinegar smell is normal, but not indicative of what the taste will be.

Kombucha Recipe

What is kombucha?

Kombucha is a fermented drink made from a base of tea and sugar, using a culture called a SCOBY. SCOBY is an acronym for Symbiotic Colony Of Bacteria and Yeast. It is a mushroom-like culture, which is actually the fruiting body of a fungus. The drink ferments within a few weeks to give you a healthful beverage that is like nothing you’ve ever had before.

It’s believed that kombucha was discovered in northeast China or Manchuria around 1910. It made it’s way to Russia and gained popularity in the 50’s and 60’s. From there, it spread around the globe. Only in the last 20 years or so has it come to be enjoyed here in America. There are several bottling companies now that mass produce kombucha, and all of them start the same way.

The starter tea is usually a combination of black and green teas, although many are made from other ingredients, as we’ll show you later in this article. Sugar and a SCOBY are added to start the fermentation process. The SCOBY mother, or original fungus, will float, sink, or turn sideways in the container used. It’s not unusual to see brown stringy things coming from the mother, or it may develop holes, bumps, dark patches or clear spots. All of this is normal. However, if you detect a cheesy, rotten smell, see bugs (such as fruit flies) or see green or black mold, toss it out and start over. The bad SCOBY and liquid can go into a compost pile without harm.

Why should you drink kombucha?

The health benefits from kombucha are endless. It contains a multitude of probiotics, helping to develop good bacteria in the gut. It also contains enzymes, amino acids, polyphenols, and B vitamins. Many say it will cure everything from gout to cancer. While much of this is unsubstantiated, there is no doubt that kombucha is a great treat. On of the proven facts is that it contains glucuronic acid. This aids the liver in detoxification. And while the fermenting sugar can produce alcohol, the amount is usually less than 1%.

So how do you make kombucha? It’s very simple. There are many variations on the method, but this is the way I do it:

DIY Kombucha

(Makes about 1 gallon)

Kombucha Recipe 1

You will need


  1. Heat the water and add the tea bags. Steep for about 5-10 minutes and remove the bags. Remove from heat.
  2. Add the sugar and stir to dissolve. Allow tea to cool.
  3. When the sweetened tea is cool, pour into your clean glass jar.
  4. Add about ½ cup of kombucha – either the liquid that comes with your SCOBY or use store-bought raw, unpasteurized kombucha. With clean hands, place the SCOBY in the jar. (Ask around to see if you can get a SCOBY from a friend or purchase one online. I got a small piece of one from a friend and it took over the jar within a week.)
  5. Place a tea towel or double layer of paper towel on top and secure tightly with a rubber band. You want it to be able to breathe, but you also need to keep bugs out.
  6. Place jar in a relatively warm, dark place where it will not be disturbed.

Allow your mixture to sit for about a week. To test it, slip a straw into the liquid and put your finger over the top. This will hold a small amount in the straw so you can taste it. If it is very sweet, leave it a bit longer. It should be slightly sweet, tangy and slightly effervescent. If it tastes off at all, start over. It could take two weeks depending on fermenting conditions, but shouldn’t be much more.

Note: If you’re having trouble with your kombucha ferment, find ideas for troubleshooting here or here.

Once the taste is to your liking, you can remove the SCOBY and ½ – 1 cup of the kombucha. Set this aside and use to start another batch of kombucha. Bottle and refrigerate the rest of your kombucha.

Variations on your Homemade Kombucha

Now, what can you do to change things up? I’ve tried many things with my kombucha, and not all were successful.

You can substitute sugars, although sugars with molasses in them (unrefined) are hard for a SCOBY to digest. This is one time using white sugar is okay – after all, it’s just food for the yeast to feed on. Pasteurized (not raw) honey can also be used, but I have not tried this one. Let me know if you do! Don’t use stevia, lactose, xylitol or other non-caloric sweeteners. The sugars are necessary for the fermentation process.

I’ve also had success with red wine. I had a mother that had been in red wine given to me, so I thought I’d try it. I only had a small piece to start, so I put it in a small jar with some black tea, red wine and sugar. Big mistake! I should have used a bigger jar because when I tried it, it was soooo strong!! (I may try it again with a gallon jar next time.)

I have also tried black and green tea, hibiscus flowers (roselle, sometimes sold as “jamaica” in stores), fresh ginger and turbinado sugar. It was just about the best thing I’ve ever had. The fresh ginger is the kicker. Try other fruit juices such as carrot, mango or grape, and also fresh fruits like strawberries and lemon. I’ve also had one made from coconut water and lime.

My next experiment is a cold and flu blend. Black and green tea, pomegranate juice, blackberry, usnea and holy basil. Usnea is a lichen that grows wild and is well known for its anti-viral activity. (You can find dried usnea here.) Holy basil is good for the entire body and has a slight clove or cinnamon taste. (Find it here.)

The possibilities are endless. You can make kombucha from almost anything. What are some of your favorites?


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  1. This is a great post! I have enjoyed tinkering around with kombucha for the past year, but I haven’t been as creative as you with my add-ins. One question though-I have read that you should save any add-ins like herbs or juices until the second fermentation so that they do not harm the scoby. Is this what you are doing when you add all your add-ins? Or are you adding them during the initial fermentation?

    • Hi Christy! I had never heard of fruit juices harming the SCOBY, but it makes sense. Since I hadn’t heard it before i started, I put them in the first fermentation. I’ve never had a problem with a SCOBY until I had used it several times and it seemed “worn out”. I cut it into pieces then and give it to my chickens. They love it, but the dogs aren’t as excited. So, yes, I always add anything I’m using to the first fermentation.

  2. What kind of black tea and green tea do you use. Is it organic? Have you ever tried using loose leaf tea? And if so, how much did you use as compared to the number of tea bags?

    • Amy, I use a combination of loose leaf Oolong tea and green tea, both organic. 1 tablespoon of loose tea equals about 4 regular size teabags. The Oolong has a nice, slight smokey flavor. Hope that helps.

  3. In Russia we call it KVAS :) I do not remember the vinegar smell. It is a very common drink esp in summer. However, commercial KVAS has WAY too much sugar in it, somethink like you would have in your commercial pop or cola. Therefore we make our own.

    • actually in Russia it is called CHAYNY GRIB (Tea Fungus). Kvas is completely different drink made out of rye bread, but pretty similar in taste to kombucha.

  4. Another way of aquiring a SCOBY is to purchse a storebought kombucha drink, open it and let is sit out for a week or so(covered with a cloth). A SCOBY will grow from the sediment in it.

    • Thanks Matt! I know you can use starter blend from storebought kombucha, but I didn’t know you could grow a SCOBY from it too! I’m going to have to try it.

  5. I’m highly sensitive to caffeine and eliminated it from my diet over 20 years ago. Does the caffeine in the black tea carry through to the finished beverage?

  6. This is a great post and I’ve been wanting to try making my own Kombucha, but have been put off by the amount of sugar in it, as I’m keeping away from sweet drinks. To my mind, it’s a little contradictory that a drink with so much added, refined sugar can have such health benefits – especially when something like cancer feeds on sugar. What are your thoughts on this?

    • My husband drinks Kombucha twice a day with half a lemon squeezed in each glass. I only use 4 green tea bags for each gallon because he doesn’t like it so strong. I can’t drink it on a regular basis because of constipation.